Arthur Shirley Benn, 1st Baron Glenravel, KBE (20 Dec 1858 – 13 Jun 1937)
image: Arthur Shirley Benn, 1st Baron Glenravel, KBE
Benn studied at Clifton College, then at Inner Temple. He became a managing director, then the British Vice-Consul to Mobile, Alabama.
Benn became active in the Conservative Party, and stood in Battersea at the 1906 UK general election. In 1907, he was elected to London County Council, a post he held for four years. He stood in Battersea again in January 1910. In December, he was instead elected at Plymouth.
Benn moved to represent Plymouth Drake in 1918, and in the same year was awarded the KBE. In 1921, he became the President of the Association of British Chambers of Commerce, a position he held until 1923, and also became the Chair of the National Unionist Association. In 1926 he was created a baronet. Benn lost his seat in 1929, and in 1931 was elected for Sheffield Park, but then lost this seat in 1935. In 1936, he was created Baron Glenravel.
William Norman Birkett, 1st Baron Birkett, QC PC (6 Sept 1883 – 10 Feb 1962)
image: William Norman Birkett, 1st Baron Birkett, QC PC
Birkett was a British barrister, judge, politician and preacher who served as the alternate British judge during the Nuremberg Trials. Educated at Barrow-in-Furness Grammar School. He was a Methodist preacher and a draper before attending Emmanuel College, Cambridge, in 1907 to study theology, history and law. Upon graduating in 1910 he worked as a secretary and was called to the Bar in 1913.
Declared medically unfit for military service during World War I, Birkett used the time to make up for his late entry into the legal profession and was made a King's Counsel in 1924 (known as Queen's Counsel since the 1952 accession of Elizabeth II). He became a criminal defence lawyer and acted as counsel in a number of famous cases including the second of the Brighton trunk murders. A member of the Liberal Party, he sat in Parliament for Nottingham East twice, first in 1923 and again in 1929.
Described as "one of the most prominent Liberal barristers in the first half of the 20th century" and "the Lord Chancellor that never was", Birkett was noted for his skill as a speaker, which helped him defend clients with almost watertight cases against them. As an alternate judge, Birkett was not allowed a vote at the Nuremberg Trials, but his opinion helped shape the final judgment. During his tenure in the Court of Appeal he oversaw some of the most significant cases of the era, particularly in contract law, despite his avowed dislike of judicial work.